Fincar 5 mg Tablet – Uses Side Effects and Price in India

15 Jan
2020
By Marie

Fincar 5 mg Tablet Uses

Fincar 5 mg contains an active ingredient Finasteride. It is prescribed to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate and male-pattern hair loss. Fincar 5mg tablet restricts the formation of the male hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is the main cause of enlarged prostate and hair loss.

What is Fincar 5mg used for?

Fincar 5 mg is used to treat BPH (Benign prostatic hyperplasia) or enlarged prostate to make prostate smaller in size and minimize the danger of urinary retention results due to restricted urine flow as the prostate size becomes enlarged. Improving symptoms of BPH with Fincar 5mg tablets also reduces and the need for surgery. The physician may prescribe Fincar 5mg tablets to treat male pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia) by enhancing hair growth rate and stops further hair loss from all areas of the scalp, including the front.

 How does Fincar 5mg work?

Fincar 5 mg works by inhibiting the action of the enzyme type II 5α-reductase that transform the male hormone testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), the androgen primarily cause for enlargement and growth of the prostate gland. DHT is also responsible for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or enlarged prostate). Fincar 5mg tablet lowers the levels of DHT in the bloodstream, so that prostate growth should be controlled in men with BPH permits the enlarged prostate to shrink.

Where to buy Fincar 5mg online?

Fincar can be purchased online at an absolute lowest price on premiumrxdrugs.com in 5mg strength.

What does Fincar 5mg contain?

Fincar 5mg contains the main ingredients Finasteride.

Side effects of Fincar 5mg

Fincar 5mg has few side effects as like other medications, and side effects occur if taken high doses.

The most common side effects when taking Fincar are:

  • Temporary impotence
  • Less amount of semen
  • Low libido
  • Skin rash
  • Swelling of the face or lips
  • Testicular pain

What medications interact with Fincar 5mg

Always, consult your physician, if you are taking any other medicine, including any that you buy without a prescription from the nearest medical store. A physician will provide you list of drugs to avoid that can have possible interaction with Fincar 5mg.

When should Fincar 5mg not be used

Fincar 5 mg should not be used in patients with known hypersensitivity to Folic Acid and other components present in the formulation.

How should Fincar 5mg be used?

Depending on the condition, your physician will decide the suitable dose. Therefore, it is essential to follow your physician’s instructions.

How long should you take Fincar 5mg? 

It would be best if you continued taking Fincar 5mg till the physician advises you to do so. Do not stop taking medicine on your own without consulting your physician. 

Missed dose of Fincar 5mg

If you missed a dose of Fincar take it as soon as you realize. If it is time to take the exact dose is near, skip the missed dose and take your next dose as prescribed by your physician. Do not take two doses at the same time to compensate for the missed dose.

How long be Fincar 5mg stored?

  • Keep the Fincar 5mg away from the site of children and pets
  • Do not store near heat or open flame
  • Please keep it away from direct light at a room temperature

Enlarged Prostate Treatment

16 Dec
2019
By Marie

Enlarged Prostate Treatment

When men complain of lower urinary tract problems, they may be due to their big prostate or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). When the size of prostate increases, it can grow or progress to the size of a golf ball, it usually is about the size of a walnut. The abnormal increase in the number of cells in your prostate gland result in this condition. BPH is a common disorder in men and affects many men across the world. Data suggests that around 40% of men in their 50s and 90% of males in their 80’s develop this condition. Having an enlarged prostate make your urine flow to block from the bladder. 

What are the signs and symptoms of BPH that should concern you?

BPH or enlarged prostate may cause different symptoms. Remember, not two, not all men suffering from this condition have the same symptoms. The most common signs associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia is a slow urinary stream because of a blockage of the urethra. However, other symptoms such as urinating too often, or leaking urine are also common with this condition.  A lot of people with BPH may experience the feeling of incomplete bladder emptying, uncontrollable need to urine, straining, the urgency to urinate at night, weak stream, intermittency, or urinating too often.

In some cases, BPH may cause other symptoms as well. Still, there are chances that these symptoms are often apart of other health condition, and you may need to undergo an examination to make sure that BPH is the only reason behind your urinary tract symptoms. Other BPH symptoms include blood in the urine, painful urination, urine leakage, and inability to empty the bladder.  

A condition that is so common in men, it may surprise you that many men don’t even realize they have an enlarged prostate until they have severe problems with it. This may be because men don’t often talk or discuss these issues. If you notice some problems with going to the toilet, after you have crossed 50 years of your age, keep in check and discuss your problem with a health care expert. Even though we have a lot of information about BPH available, people don’t have a very good understanding of what exactly causes you to develop an enlarged prostate, most of us unaware of the fact that why some men develop symptoms and others don’t. BPH is more common in older adults and hormones are involved in the development of this condition. Hormonal changes occur as men ages, their estrogen level increases and the level of testosterone decreases which may contribute to BPH. Diet, inflammation, infection, and family history may also be associated with the condition, but it is still unclear. Most men who develop lower urinary tract symptoms related to an enlarged prostate, their BPH symptoms are mild, and no active treatment is required to treat them. While on the other hand, some men experience troublesome symptoms. In such cases, immediate medical help is needed. These men need urgent treatment with medications or even surgery. Every individual is different and requires different treatments. A patient must discuss the risks and benefits of the available medicines with the health care specialist. 

If you are suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms, which may be because of BPH, you should undergo a physical exam, a thorough medical history, or other tests recommended by your health care expert.

What are the options available for BPH treatment?

There are many different options for BPH treatment. It is important to speak to your health care provider about the risk and benefits of using these treatments. The basic ways of BPH management include medical treatment and surgery.

Medical treatment- Medications for treating BPH are available. These are effective with minor side effects and are meant to be taken for life. The main classes of medications include PDE%Is, alpha-blockers, and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. In severe cases, your health care provider may prescribe other drugs to lower your BPH symptoms, and these may include anticholinergics. Medications such as tolterodine and oxybutynin widen the smooth muscle in the bladder and prostate and improve symptoms. It is essential to take these medications under the supervision of a health care specialist. These BPH medications may increase the amount of urine leftover after urination. You may also experience side effects such as constipation and dry mouth.

Surgery- Medications works well when it comes to treating BPH, and this is the reason why fewer men are going for surgery. If you still have symptoms despite using medications, you may need surgery to treat your condition. Also, if you experience side effects of the drugs, or find difficulty in taking the pill, you may discuss surgery with your health care provider. If you have complications from your BPH, then surgery is right for you. These complications include bleeding, bladder stones, and urinary retention.  The surgery aims to remove the tissue that is creating the problem.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

29 Nov
2019
By Marie

If you have recently come to know that you have prostate cancer, you may be wondering if there were warning signs or symptoms that could indicate the presence of abnormal cell growth in the prostate gland. In early stages, prostate cancer usually causes no symptoms while advanced prostate cancer can lead to problems urinating, blood in semen, erection issue, body pain, etc.  

No one knows how prostate cancer starts; however, scientific studies show that men over the age of 50 have some abnormal cell growth in their prostate. In most cases, cancers found are small with tumours that are not harmful. According to research studies, as men age, the risk of getting prostate cancer increases. The condition is care in young men who are below 40 years of age. Damage to the genetic material or DNA of prostate cells is more likely to occur in me over the age of 55. Damaged prostate cells begin to grow uncontrollably and ultimately forms tumours. No doubt, age is a well-known risk factor for prostate cancer, but smoking and obesity are equally associated with the deaths related to prostate cancer. Family history is another risk factor for prostate cancer in men. Diet and lifestyle habits may affect the risk of prostate cancer. However, it is still not clearly understood how. But scientists believed that eating high calories, refined sugar, animal fats, and not eating enough fruits and vegetables may put a man at higher risk of developing prostate cancer. Studies found a lack of exercise with poor outcomes.

If you have any signs and symptoms that worry you, be sure to discuss with your health care specialist. Most prostate cancers are found early through thorough examination and testing. In the initial stages, prostate cancer causes no symptoms. When it progresses to the advanced stage, it can sometimes cause symptoms such as: 

  • Difficulty urinating, including the need to urinate more often, especially at night
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Weak or interrupted urine flow
  • Blood in the semen or urine
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Dull pain in the lower pelvic area
  • Pain in the lower back, upper thighs, and hips
  • Difficulty achieving an erection
  • Numbness in the legs or feet
  • Bone pain
  • Loss of weight
  • Loss of appetite

If you are dealing with symptoms of prostate cancer that worry you, visit a health care specialist straight away. Keep in mind that these symptoms may also be caused due to other health complications. Urinary symptoms don’t mean you have cancer, benign prostatic hypertrophy or BPH is a disease that can cause similar and is very common in men.  It is also possible that your erection problem is not due to cancer, ED or erectile dysfunction can also be associated with other risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, cardiovascular disorder, or age. Still, it is essential to discuss with your health care specialist about these symptoms so that the cause can be detected, and the condition can be treated. A man needs to undergo proper screening tests for prostate cancer. We will recommend you Fincar 5 mg to treat prostate cancer.                                               

Cause of Prostate Cancer

05 Nov
2019
By Marie

Even researchers don’t know why or how prostate cancer starts. Studies show that men over the age of 50 have some abnormal cells in the prostate gland. The exact cause of the problem is not easy to determine. In many cases, multiple risk factors may be involved, including age, family history, diet, and ethnicity.

If you or your loved one has recently been diagnosed with prostate cancer, you might be thinking about what happened, trying to figure out what went wrong? Researchers do not know exactly what leads to the growth of abnormal cells in the prostate gland, which is located underneath the bladder in men. But there is evidence that shows that certain risk factors behind the disease and research still going on to find out if they might cause cancer of the prostate. Learn about the risk factors for prostate cancer and what you could do to minimize your risk.  

What Causes Prostate Cancer?

Data suggests that prostate cancer is the second most common cause of all cancers related to deaths in the USA. The death rate is high among older men. Like other types of cancer, it is difficult to identify the exact cause of prostate cancer. However, many studies revealed that genetics and environmental toxins such as radiations or chemical substances. It is found that mutations in DNA are responsible for the growth of cancerous cells. These mutations cause your prostate cells to grow abnormally. Malignant cells are continuing to grow uncontrollably and divide until a tumour form. In severe cases of prostate cancer, the growth of abnormal cells may spread to other parts of your body. 

What could be your risk factor for Prostate Cancer?

A risk factor may increase your likeliness of getting a disease such as cancer. Certain risk factors like smoking and diet can be changed. Whereas, factors like age, ethnicity, or family history cannot be changed. But having a risk factor does not always mean that you get a disease. There are many cases where people with one or more risk factors never get cancer, while others who are suffering from some cancer have had few or no known risk factors.

Here are some risk factors that might affect a man’s risk of developing the growth of cancerous cells in the prostate gland:

  • Family history- Men with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to develop the disease. If a male has a close relative with a history of prostate cancer, they face a higher risk of developing cancerous cells in their prostate gland. A man is more likely to get prostate cancer if his father, brother, or son had it. The risk rises with the number of relatives diagnosed with the disease.

  • Age- Several studies show the risk of getting prostate cancer goes up with increased age in men. The condition rarely develops in adults younger than 40 years. Damage to the DNA of a prostate cell is more likely to happen in men over the age of 55 years. Abnormal prostate cells begin to grow uncontrollably and ultimately forms tumours. Age is one of the common risk factors for the development of prostate cancer. Whereas smoking and being overweight are closely associated with deaths from the increased number of abnormal prostate cells.

  • Ethnicity- Data suggests that African American men have the highest incidence of the disease. Data suggests that around about one in six African American men will develop abnormal growth of prostate cells. These men are more likely to get the disease at a younger age. Also, they are more prone to have aggressive tumours that metastasize to other parts of the body. Diet, environmental issues, or socioeconomic facts may be responsible for this.

  • Diet- Diet is an essential component when it comes to maintaining a healthy body. Diet and lifestyle habits may affect the risk of prostate cancer; however, it is not clearly understood. Your risk increases when you eat more calories, refined sugar, animal fat and not enough vegetables and fruits. Lack of exercise is also associated with poor outcomes. Obesity is another factor known to increase a man’s risk of dying from the abnormal growth of prostate cells. However, maintain a healthy body weight may help reduce the risk linked to the condition.

  • Smoking- According to research studies, the risk of prostate cancer may double for heavy smokers. There is a connection between smoking and high-risk risk of death from prostate cancer. However, one may reduce the risk of fatalities quitting as soon as possible.

  • Chemical exposure- There is evidence that exposure to harmful chemicals may increase the risk of the disease.  Several studies suggested a link between environmental toxins and the risk of prostate cancer.

Most men diagnosed with prostate cancer can expect a good outcome. The earlier your cancer is diagnosed, the better will be your surviving chances. you can order prostate cancer medication Finasteride 5mg online from premiumrxdrugs.com at affordable price.

Where to Buy Proscar 5mg Online in the USA

04 Jun
2018
By Marie

Proscar is an effective treatment against urinary problems caused by BPH. It contains Finasteride, which belongs to the group of medicines known as a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor. The drug improves symptoms in 30 to 60% of men. The medication inhibits the enzyme 5 alpha-reductase, which converts testosterone (male sex hormone) to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in prostatic cells. The drug works effectively in men with larger prostate and those who experience obstruction of the urethra. Finasteride successfully reduces the size of the prostate, relieving BPH symptoms, and reduce the risk of hospitalization need due to acute urinary retention and surgery.  The medicine must be continued to prevent recurrence. It is a long-term treatment that takes as long as a year to achieve maximum benefits.

How to take Proscar 5mg to reduce the size of the Prostate Gland?

The medicine comes in the form of tablets that a patient must swallow with a glass full of water. One can take medicine without regards to food. The Proscar 5mg dose should be taken on the regular intervals as prescribed by your healthcare specialist. You must follow all the directions carefully to get relieved from BPH symptoms. A single dose per day is sufficient to solve the associated urinary issues. A 5 mg dose is enough to reduce the size of the enlarged prostate and associated symptoms.

Side Effects of Proscar 5 mg

The medicine causes relatively few side effects. Erectile dysfunction, a sexual dysfunction, characterized by the inability to achieve an erection may occur in people those who are taking 5 mg dose to get rid of BPH symptoms. Decreased libido, reduced ejaculation, and breast enlargement, or tenderness can also develop. However, these sexual side effects tend to decrease with time; they disappear on their own once the treatment has been discontinued. Breast associated side effects so not goes away with time but often improve once the medication is no longer taken. Symptoms including nipple discharge and pain could indicate towards male breast cancer. Hence the signs should not be ignored, consult a health care specialist if any of these troubles you or persist for a long time.

What are the possible drug interactions?

You need to be careful while taking blood pressure medications, male hormones, or certain dietary supplements. Tall your healthcare provider about all the medications that you are taking, it may be a prescription, non-prescription, or a herbal supplement. Also, tell him/her if you drink alcohol frequently, you smoke, or if you use illegal drugs. These may interact with your medicine and cause undesired consequences. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping a medication.

What to watch for while taking Proscar?

You are not supposed to donate blood for at least six months passed after your last dose of Finasteride 5mg. This will make sure you would not give the drug to a pregnant lady through a blood transfusion. Talk to your healthcare provider if your symptoms do not improve over time. It is necessary to take medicine for 6 to 12 months to experience full effects of the medicine.

Where to buy Proscar 5 mg in the USA?

Premiumrxdrugs.com is the best place to purchase Proscar 5 mg to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. The medication helps to make the prostate gland smaller, which helps to relieve symptoms linked with BPH.  Buy Proscar 5 mg only to reduce the size of your prostate gland and other associated symptoms.

Proscar 5mg Mechanism of Action

01 Jun
2018
By Marie

Proscar 5mg Mechanism of Action

The decision to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) based on the severity of symptoms and the patient’s tolerance for his symptoms. The symptoms are classified into mild, moderate, and severe categories.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a non-cancerous disease associated with an enlarged prostate. The condition is very common in elderly males. Since the prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the symptoms are usually associated with urination. These symptoms weaken the urinary system and include:

  • Increased frequency meany, a man, needs to urinate more often
  • The need to urinate multiple time, particularly in the night
  • Urinary urgency means a sudden need to urinate
  • Having difficulty starting to urinate
  • Leaking of urine
  • Pain while urinating
  • A feeling of not emptying the bladder even after urination

In some cases, BPH can progress and to the inability to urinate, which required immediate medical attention as it can result in kidney failure or bladder injury.

The prostate enlarges to some degree in all men, but not all men require treatment. An enlargement of the prostate requires both ageing and the presence of androgens (a male sex hormone).

Role of Dihydrotestosterone (DHT)

DHT is believed to be a necessary mediator of prostate tissue. DHT is produced by the metabolism of testosterone by 5alpha reductase. Treatment with drugs that can inhibit 5 alpha-reductase lower DHT levels and prevent the abnormal growth of the prostate.  Proscar 5mg containing Finasteride is one such drug, which belongs to the group of drugs known as 5 alpha reductase inhibitors. The drug works by inhibiting 5 alpha-reductase, which reduces the levels of DHT in the body and this ultimately cause a reduction in the size of the prostate.

Mechanism of Action of Proscar in BPH

Proscar is known to be the most effective agents for the short-term treatment of BPH. The rapid onset of action is to relax prostatic muscles. The medication has been found to decrease symptoms by 30 to 40%. It has been found to increase the urinary flow rate and other associated symptoms.

How Well Proscar Works?

The primary effect of this 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor is to reduce the size of the prostate gland in men.  Finasteride 5mg in Proscar has been found to increase cell death in prostatic cells and decrease the size of the gland. The drug is extremely effective in patients with large prostates.

Many clinical studies indicate the therapeutic dose of Proscar reduces symptoms by 20 to 30%. The changes in BPH symptoms include:

  • Reduced prostatic volume
  • Increased maximal urinary flow rates

These effects are maintained for more than four years, and their use decreases the need for surgery as well as the risk of acute urinary retention.

It may take 6 to 12 months before symptom improvement is noticeable. The medication reduces the size of the prostate. But this doesn’t mean you always get relief from symptoms. Finasteride will not give satisfactory results in every case. When you discontinue the treatment, symptoms may return. The medications are not meant for people those who do not have an enlarged prostate. Taking Finasteride is a long-term commitment to prevent the symptoms from returning.

The medicine should not be used by a man who plans to become a father because there is a chance that the medicine could cause a congenital disability.

Proscar 5 Mg for Prostate Cancer Prevention

09 May
2018
By Marie

Proscar 5 Mg for Prostate Cancer Prevention

Proscar 5mg is a commonly prescribed medication which is used to treat enlarged prostate, is now believed to reduce prostate cancer risk.

Can Prostate Cancer be prevented?

Yes, there is a way to prevent the abnormal growth of prostate cells. Many risk factors such as age, family history, and race cannot be controlled. But there are some things that you can do to lower the risk of prostate cancer.

Maintaining body weight, regular physical activity plays a significant role in lowering the risk of prostate cancer. The effects of these lifestyle changes in prostate cancer risk are not clear, but there are some good habits that you can adopt and that might lower your risk:

  • Eating a wide variety of fruits and vegetables every day
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Being physically active

Dietary Supplements May Help

Some research studies suggest that taking certain dietary supplements including vitamin E or selenium might reduce the risk of this life-threatening disease. However, the effects of dietary supplements to lower prostate cancer risk is not clear. Several studies are still going on to check the possible effects of soy proteins on the abnormal growth of prostate cells. Note that any dietary supplements have the potential for both benefit and risk. Therefore, it is always important to discuss with your health care specialist before starting vitamins or other supplements.

Treatment with Medication- Proscar

Some drugs might help to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Proscar has finasteride as the active constituent, which has been studied to see if it can exert its action against prostate cancer prevention. But it is not clear if the benefits outweigh the risk for most men. Hence, it is suggested that men who want to know more about the drug should discuss with their healthcare specialists.

The pharmaceutical agent under the brand name of Proscar is currently used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. It is the most common benign tumor found in men. The condition causes trouble by obstructing the flow of urine through the urethra. According to clinical reports, symptoms associated with BPH are experienced by one in four men of age 55 and by half of 75 years old. However,  a man required treatment only if symptoms become bothersome.

It is believed by the age of 80, around 20 to 30% of men experience BPH symptoms that need medical treatment. Proscar 5mg is an oral medication that works by shrinking the prostate or by relaxing the prostate muscle tissue that contracts the urethra. Surgery is only possible when the oral medications will not be able to relieve BPH symptoms.

Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial

You cannot change your age or race. However, several risk factors for prostate cancer have been identified, including lifestyle factors such s diet and exercise over which you can have some influence. Additionally, a variety of dietary supplements and pharmaceutical treatments may offer some protection.

Prostate cancer is an abnormal growth of prostate cells. Some pharmaceutical agents are currently being investigated for safety and effectiveness. Proscar is one of the medications that been evaluated for its preventative activity. The research study revealed that around 25% of cases of prostate cancer are men treated with Proscar at a dose of 5 mg daily. The medication contains Finasteride as the active ingredient that treats benign enlargement of the prostate. In clinical studies, The active agent was found to prevent prostate cancer, reducing the risk of the life-threatening disease by close to 25%.

What is Proscar 5Mg, Uses and Side Effects

05 May
2018
By Marie

What is Proscar 5 Mg, Uses and Side Effects

Proscar 5mg, a commonly prescribed medication which is used to treat enlarged prostate, is now believed to reduce prostate cancer risk.

Can Prostate Cancer be prevented?

Yes, there is a way to prevent the abnormal growth of prostate cells. Many risk factors such as age, family history, and race cannot be controlled. But there are some things that you can do to lower the risk of prostate cancer.

Maintaining body weight, regular physical activity plays a significant role lowering the risk of prostate cancer. The effects of these lifestyle changes in prostate cancer risk are not clear, but there are some good habits that you can adopt and that might lower your risk:

  • Eating a wide variety of fruits and vegetables every day
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Being physically active

Dietary Supplements May Help

Some research studies suggest that taking certain dietary supplements including vitamin E or selenium might reduce the risk of this life-threatening disease. However, the effects of dietary supplements to lower prostate cancer risk is not clear. Several studies are still going on to check the possible effects of soy proteins on the abnormal growth of prostate cells. Note that any dietary supplements have the potential for both benefit and risk. Therefore, it is always important to discuss with your health care specialist before starting vitamins or other supplements.

Treatment with Medication- Proscar

Some drugs might help to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Proscar 5mg has finasteride as the active constituent, which has been studied to see if it can exert its action against prostate cancer prevention. But it is not clear if the benefits outweigh the risk for most men. Hence, it is suggested that men who want to know more about the drug should discuss with their healthcare specialists.

The pharmaceutical agent under the brand name of Proscar is currently used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. It is the most common benign tumour found in men. The condition causes trouble by obstructing the flow of urine through the urethra. According to clinical reports, symptoms associated with BPH are experienced by one in four men of age 55 and by half of 75 years old. However,  a man required treatment only if symptoms become bothersome.

It is believed by the age of 80, around 20 to 30% of men experience BPH symptoms that need medical treatment. Proscar 5mg is an oral medication that works by shrinking the prostate or by relaxing the prostate muscle tissue that contracts the urethra. Surgery is only possible when the oral medications will not be able to relieve BPH symptoms.

Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial

You cannot change your age or race. However, several risk factors for prostate cancer have been identified, including lifestyle factors such s diet and exercise over which you can have some influence. Additionally, a variety of dietary supplements and pharmaceutical treatments may offer some protection.

Prostate cancer is an abnormal growth of prostate cells. Some pharmaceutical agents are currently being investigated for safety and effectiveness. Proscar is one of the medications that been evaluated for its preventative activity. The research study revealed that around 25% of cases of prostate cancer are men treated with Proscar at a dose of 5 mg daily. The medication contains Finasteride as the active ingredient that treats benign enlargement of the prostate. In clinical studies, The active agent was found to prevent prostate cancer, reducing the risk of the life-threatening disease by close to 25%.

Prostate Cancer- Symptoms and Treatment

09 Sep
2016
By Marie

Prostate Cancer- Symptoms and Treatment

Being diagnosed with any type of serious illness or condition can change the life of a person totally. His/her attitude towards life becomes unusual, same in the case of prostate cancer, which can be a life-altering experience. This cancer type is like a bomb that has bombarded into the life of a man. Basically, prostate is a gland that is found only in males and is located in front of the rectum and below the urinary bladder. Its size varies with age because younger men have a walnut sized prostate, whereas the size becomes larger in older men.

What prostate cancer is?

Prostate cancer is the cancer of a man’s prostate, which is a gland of the male reproductive system that helps in nourishing and transporting sperm. Generally, the development of this condition is a slow process, but some grows fast. During the initial stages, prostate cancer doesn’t cause any symptoms, but when prostate cancer begins to grow quickly and starts spreading outside the prostate, and then the condition may be dangerous.

It has been studied by the researchers that men with prostate cancer don’t know that they have the disease because of no symptoms until it is in an advanced stage. Various men who die with prostate cancer mainly die of other causes like heart disease. But, if prostate cancer is diagnosed in its early stages, then the chances of survival becomes higher. Reports have stated that about 85% of American men with prostate cancer get diagnosed with early stage of the disease.:

The cause for prostate cancer is unknown, but doctors say that prostate cancer begins when cells in your prostate become abnormal. It means that the mutations in abnormal cells cause the cells to grow and divide unnaturally. These abnormal cells are at the initial stage, if they are present only in the prostate, but when these abnormal cells form a tumor and grow to invade nearby tissue then the risk increases.

Who are at risk of developing prostate cancer?

There are certain risk factors that may predispose a person to prostate cancer. These are as follows:

  • Age- Age plays an important role in the development of prostate cancer. It is a fact that more than 60% of cases of prostate cancer arise in men over 65 years of age, whereas the illness is rare in men under the age of 40 years.
  • Race or ethnicity- As compared to Asian and Hispanic men, African-American men are at increased risk of diagnosing with prostate cancer.
  • Family history- Men are at risk of developing prostate cancer, if the disease has existed in their families. For example, if the first degree relation like a father or brother has or had prostate cancer, then the man is at risk of this disease.
  • Nationality- Reports have proved that prostate cancer is more common in North America, northwestern countries in Europe, and the Caribbean as compared to the Asian, and South and Central Americans. Factors like diet and lifestyle, may account for this condition.

Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer in men:

In early stages it has been found that prostate cancer may not cause signs and symptoms, but in the advanced stages prostate cancer may cause symptoms in men. Below are some of the common signs and symptoms of prostate cancer in men:

  • Urge to urinate
  • Finding trouble in urinating
  • Constant urination
  • Pain during urination and ejaculation
  • Amount of blood in the urine or semen
  • Shortness of breath
  • Increased heartbeat

These are few signs and symptoms of the condition, but you have to rush to the nearest hospital whenever you experience deep bone pain, in the back, hips, or thighs because these may be the alarming situation and the possible signs of advanced prostate cancer that has spread to the bones. Moreover, delaying your trip to the hospital after experiencing any of the above mentioned signs and symptoms of prostate cancer then it may result in damaging your spinal cord permanently.

To diagnose the condition of prostate cancer, your doctor may perform various tests including digital rectal exams (DRE), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, transrectal ultrasound, biopsy, and transrectal biopsy. After determining the presence of cancer through these tests and processes, the next step is staging them. Staging is done after studying the tissue samples and cancer cells with the healthy prostate cells. As per the aggression of the cells they are staged, accordingly.

Generally, staging the prostate cancer involves four stages. The initial stage signifies the early cancer, which means that the small area of the prostate is affected, whereas the later stages are considered complicated because here the cells are much more aggressive as compared to the early stages. After staging the cancer, your doctor may check your overall health to determine that your body will respond to the treatment or not. If your doctor finds your condition suitable for treatment, then he/she may perform the following options:

Surgery:

Surgery is the initial treatment of prostate cancer, which may be performed only when the tumor is in the prostate gland. Basically, it helps in removing the tumor from the prostates. The following treatment of prostate cancer includes:

  • Retropubic prostatectomy- Operation is performed by the surgeon who removes the nearby lymph nodes. Retropubic prostatectomy surgery helps in preventing the spread of disease.
  • Perineal prostatectomy– This surgery removes the lymph nodes and the surgeon makes an incision in the perineum, which is the area between scrotum and anus.

Radiation therapy:

Radiation therapy is another treatment option of prostate cancer where high-powered energy kills cancer cells by delivering the radiation to the prostates. Frequent, painful, and urgent urination are some of the side effects of this treatment. Moreover, side effects may also include rectal symptoms like loose stools or pain when passing stools.

 

Hormone therapy:

Hormone therapy is the treatment option of prostate cancer, where surgeon stops the body from producing male hormone, testosterone. During this therapy, the doctor cut off the hormones supply, which causes cancer cells to die or to grow slowly. Common side effects of this treatment include erectile dysfunction, low libido, loss of bone mass, and weight gain.

Chemotherapy:

Chemotherapy uses any one or combination of cancer-fighting drugs. This therapy is recommended by the doctor in cases of advanced prostate cancer that has not responded to hormone treatment. Basically, chemotherapy process kills the growing cancer cells rapidly. Some of the common side-effects of chemotherapy include hair loss, loss of appetite, infertility (a permanent side effect), nausea and vomiting.

Side effects like nausea and vomiting can be controlled by some medications, although it may take some time. Generally, side effects of chemotherapy will go away when the treatment stops.

Tips to prevent prostate cancer:

You may follow various tips that may reduce your risk of prostate cancer. These are mentioned below:

  • Diet factors- Healthy eating is recommended by the doctors to lead a perfect life. Eating a healthy diet can lower the risk of certain cancers. Studies have found that foods containing lycopene and selenium reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Lycopene may be found in tomatoes and tomato based foods, whereas     selenium is a natural chemical that can be found in plant foods like vegetables, fish, Brewer’s yeast, some meats, grains, shellfish, eggs, and wheat germ.
  • Aspirin- Evidences and reports have suggested that taking aspirin regularly may reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Important tip to keep in mind, that doctors don’t recommend aspirin regularly, as these may damage the lining of stomach and cause bleeding. So, before taking aspirin take the recommendation of the doctor.